Retirement and Social Security Reform
Real Federal Tax Burden Is Double If 'Collateral
Damage' Is Included
Investor's Business Daily
July 25, 2007
By Ernest S. Christian and Gary A. Robbins
The assumption here and in the other liberal
democracies of the West is that our huge, expensive governments
are for the purpose of making us citizens better off - and
that governments have largely succeeded in that task.
But other than providing for the common defense and an orderly
civil society with a sound currency and banking system, it
is hard to explain how our government in Washington is making
us better off. It taxes, spends and regulates, but it creates
no wealth. Free-market capitalism pays the bills - and our
liberties are our own; they are our unalienable rights, not
owed to any president or king.
Paying federal taxes does not make us better off. We are poorer
by the amount of tax we pay. And because taxes damage the
economy, impeding its growth, our pretax incomes are also
The "collateral damage" to us has been authenticated
by a Nobel laureate and quantified by distinguished scholars.
They say that the ratio of lost income to tax collected is
nearly one-to-one. Thus the real federal tax burden in America
is each year about double what the government tells us.
In 2007, it is an astonishing $5 trillion, broken down as
follows: The first $2.5 trillion is the amount of tax the
government collects from us - money we originally had that
the government now has and will spend.
The next $2.5 trillion is money that the private economy would
have produced but (because of the damage done by the tax)
does not. We won't have that additional $2.5 trillion to spend,
but neither will the government. It is gone. That is why economists
call the damage done to us by taxes a deadweight loss.
With us $5 trillion in the hole and the government having
only $2.5 trillion to spend, it can't compensate us for the
damage done in 2007 - much less make us better off than we
were to start with.
Even setting aside the exorbitant cost of taxes - and pretending
that $2.5 trillion of taxes in 2007 costs us only $2.5 trillion
- it is hard to see how we the people ever get a full dollar
of benefit from a dollar of federal spending.
In the federal budget, 58% is for "transfer payments."
Money is taken out of one of our pockets, run through the
federal accounts with lots of bureaucratic paperwork and expense,
and what is left is transferred into another pocket - or perhaps
into the same pocket from which it was taken.
This includes Social Security (an intergenerational transfer)
as well as Medicare and a considerable list of other middle-class
entitlements and subsides - such as the large cash gratuities
regularly given to farm owners.
Money is also shifted around by "pass-throughs"
from the federal bureaucracy to state and local bureaucracies
- at considerable expense on both ends.
The rest of the budget is for upward of 900 federal programs,
some of which are engaged primarily in rerouting money previously
taken out of the economy.
Others are more "operational" in nature. Many -
such as the Food and Drug Administration, the FBI and the
Defense Department - are basic to the broad public interest.
Many others are expensive optional equipment targeted at narrow
Also, a study by the Office of Management and Budget shows
that more than half of federal discretionary spending programs
are not even "moderately effective." On average
they fall 50% short of providing the intended services to
their client groups.
When measured in the vital human terms of lower incomes, fewer
jobs and reduced standards of living, the high cost of taxes
is simply beyond all reason compared to the low level of benefit
from government spending - once the basics have been provided
and the needy cared for.
Thus the argument for a small and efficient government is
not a mere matter of preference or even philosophy. It is
a matter of self-preservation in an effort to achieve the
most good for the most people - which is what government is
supposed to be all about.
Christian, an attorney, was a deputy assistant secretary
of treasury in the Ford administration. Robbins, an economist,
served at the Treasury Department in the Reagan administration.
Both are adjunct scholars at the Heritage Foundation. The
first part of this series appeared June 26.